This week we are doing all about lighting and how it can be used effectively in a scene. We first talked about different lighting techniques we could use and how they are effective. We were then set 2 tasks, the first task was to use natural and artificial light to create, a key light, a fill light, a backlight and all three, the second task was to find a film scene we like and it we had to recreate the lighting of the scene.
The uses of light:
- Illumination– to light up a scene and set the scene as well
- Mood– light can help create a mood and depending on the colour of the light like using a blue light can represent depression or cold light can have a lot of effect on a scene.
- Guide our attention– Light can be used to highlight and item or area so that the audience’s attention is drawn to it.
- Texture and shape– light can be used to add texture and shape to an object or person by how much is lit up and it can add a lot of detail or take detail away from a shape
There are 2 types of shadows:
- Attached shadow– shadows on the person
- Cast shadow– the shadow a person casts on the floor.
The 4 major features of filmic lighting:
- Hard– clearly defines shadows/ light and dark areas
- Soft– diffused illumination, soft shadows, indirect or indistinct lighting
- Harsh– extreme differences between light and dark areas, high contrast image (film noir)
- Frontal light
- Under light
- Top light
- Artificial– includes bulbs, glow sticks, diodes and other man-made light sources
- Natural– includes sunlight, moonlight, fire and other naturally occurring light.
- Apparent colour- colour observed by the human eye.
- Colour temperature- colour based on equivalent temperature against a black background; represent in ºK (degrees Kelvin).
The first task we were set was using artificial and natural light to create a three point lighting setup. we encountered some problems with the natural light because with the sun we are unable to predict where it would be meaning we weren’t able to use it effectively.
For the second part of this task, we had to use artificial lighting to create the exact same shots as using natural lighting, i found this easier as we had more control of the lights and where we could reflect it easier and the three point lighting set up was easier to create using artificial as we weren’t so reliant on the sun or any other elements.
The second task we were set was to choose three scenes from films we have seen and think of an interesting lighting setup and the three scenes i chose were from, A Series Of Unfortunate Events (2004), Just Go With It (2011) and Burlesque (2010).
A Series Of Unfortunate Events (2004)
This scene is a scene where the three main characters are sat in a homemade little fort in their room, looking at the background it doesn’t look like a very nice location, however, the fort they made is like a little sanctuary for them. How it is lit gives a warm feeling to it and by the size of it, and it gives the impression it is small and snug, it contrasts the rest of the scene which looks damp and dark and cold. I like the lighting in this scene because of the way the Silhouettes form on the sheet and how it really creates an impact in this scene with so few details it shows so much.
I think this scene would be interesting to recreate because it’s simple yet complex and having this experience is useful as it means if in need to create a silhouette in my work that means I have practice creating this kind of shot. Also even though it maybe difficult to recreate I think of it as a challenge I should try and overcome.
Just Go With It (2011)
In this scene two characters in the film are meeting for the first time, this is a good example of three point lighting, there is a key light coming from being the two actors on the right side of the image, the fill light is rather strong as the shadows in this scene are very light and hardly noticeable, the key light also acts as a back light in this situation.
I think this would be an interesting scene to recreate because of the simple lighting set up easily displays my skills with lighting because of how easy it would be to recreate. However, because of the three actors, it would be difficult with the limited amount of people available.
In this scene there are 5 actresses mid-dance, it uses a lighting right to highlight the main actress who is in a different position to all the other actresses and she is highlighted by this light and she also has a key light onto her face, this scene is all about directing the audience’s gaze to the main actress and makes her seem important and key to this scene.
I think this would be an interesting scene to recreate because even though it may be complex i may get some experience using a lighting rig and see how to use it properly. Also i find it
The scene I decided to recreate:
I decided to recreate the scene from a Series Of Unfortunate Events(2004), even though it may be difficult to recreate however, it would show how I can work with lighting and it can display advanced skills because of its complexity.
This is my attempt at recreating this scene however, it didn’t go as well as planned but from this experience I’ve learnt a lot about lighting and how silhouettes work and how to position lighting correctly and how moving light slightly or changing the colour and really change a scene by its mood and the atmosphere. from this task I’ve learnt a lot about lighting and its really useful to work with lighting more because it expands my knowledge on lighting and how it works.
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Feedback and review:
This week has all been about lighting, I think its useful to come back to lighting because it means we can refresh our memory and get more practice with the lighting equipment. I found this week useful because we got to create our own images and being able to use and create various images using the lighting I think is a very important thing to do because it mean the more experience we have with the equipment the easier it is to use and we actually understand the equipment rather than just the theoretical side to lighting.