in this task, we have been learning about camera movements and how they can make an audience be more engaged with our work and how other directors have used it in their work to make it effective, keeping the screen constantly moving is more engaging than a plain scene. movement is so important because of its the first thin you notice your eyes instantly look towards movement on the screen.
We have learnt about many different types of movement in films, the director Akira Kurusawa was well known for his use of movement in his films, he uses pretty much all elements of movement in his work.
The various types of movement are:
- The movement of nature- it refers to things like wind, rain, and weather in general and because of this, it can make the audience relate to the film more as its something that happens in everyday life.
- The movement of crowds- this give a larger scale to the film, it adds intimidation and makes it more realistic because it means it’s not just the main character there are other people and it gives just a realistic feel.
- The movement of individuals- You can use how your actor moves and facial expression to show their emotion at that time. e.g., embarrassed or upset, the actor curls up into a ball.
- The movement of the camera it’s how the shot has a beginning, middle and end, it makes the scene transactions flow.
- The movement of cut-
Films need a smooth flow, they need control, organisation and careful selection of shots, actors, and locations. It’s also circuital to have a smooth flow of motion and use the elements above correctly and effectively. You can create a sensation of movement by having movement in the background, like using weather or having a merry-go-round. A continuous movement can be created by only using segments of the action shot from different angles.
You should always stay on one side, never cross the line of action, keep to the 180-degree rule, even if the shot has a different perspective the rule shouldn’t change. Make sure there is no graphic imbalance (where an actor is walking to the camera get fairly close then cuts to a shot of him walking from left to right and he is a smaller size, if you want a graphic balance cut when the actor is of a similar size in the next shot), also make sure you pay attention to the environment and make sure that it looks as if it a continuous shot and not shot in two completely different locations. Show change of direction on the screen, a neutral direction is where the actor is either walking towards or away from the camera, however, they are walking in a strange line toward or away from the camera, a cutaway makes the audience forget the sense of direction.
In a clip from the film Amilie:
In this clip there are many uses of screen direction and camera movement, there are examples of:
movement of a camera: moving up the stairs in a seemingly POV shot
Movement in the background, ie the caracel
movement of individuals
We also learnt about camera movement and we were set a task to use the knowledge we have learnt to practice and we had to create a short movement of an action scene where we use various types of movement shots and screen direction, and this is what I and my team produced.